HTML“pre”标签


Posted on September 10, 2007


定义与用法

The pre element defines preformatted text. The text enclosed in the pre element usually preserves spaces and line breaks. The text renders in a fixed-pitch font.
用pre元素可定义预先格式文字。所有在pre元素内文字的空白间隔以及换行都会被保留。


在HTML和XHTML中的区别

The "width" attribute of the pre element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.
在HTML4.01中pre元素的"width"属性不被支持。

The "width" attribute of the pre element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.
XHTML1.0严密型DTD将不再支持pre元素中的”width“属性。


有关<pre>的注意点

It is worth noting that while <xmp> is deprecated, the <pre> tag does not perform all of the functions of <xmp>:
当<xmp>不被推荐时已经让<pre>不再有什么价值,<pre>不能起到和<xmp>相同的功能:

<pre><b>Hello</b></pre> 会显示为 Hello

<xmp><b>Hello</b></xmp> 则显示为 <b>Hello</b>


实例

代码 输出结果
<pre>
This text is
in a fixed-pitch
font, and it preserves
both      spaces and
line breaks
</pre>
This text is 
in a fixed-pitch
font, and it preserves
both spaces and
line breaks


可选属性

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.
下表中的DTD列指明了被支持的DTD属性。S=Strict(精确的),T=Transitional(传统的),F=Frameset(框架)

属性 描述 DTD
width number Defines the maximum number of characters per line (usually 40, 80, or 132)
定义pre每行所能接受的最大字符数(一般为40,80或是132)
TF

标准属性

id, class, title, style, dir, lang, xml:lang, xml:space

事件属性

onclick, ondblclick, onmousedown, onmouseup, onmouseover, onmousemove, onmouseout, onkeypress, onkeydown, onkeyup


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